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The Second Month of Pregnancy

The Second Month of Pregnancy

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While it may not feel like there's a lot happening at this point of your pregnancy, the first few months are the most important to your baby's development. You need to ensure that you're eating a healthy diet and taking prenatal vitamins to provide your baby with the nutrients he or she needs. You need at least 400 micrograms of folic acid at this stage of pregnancy, which will reduce your risk of having a baby born with a neural tube defect. These defects occur when the spinal column is fusing, and include spina bifida, a debilitating disease that can cause stiffness and paralysis. During this time, bad habits like smoking or drinking, as well as environmental factors can also cause serious birth defects.

By the end of this month, your baby's major organs have started to develop, and the fetus begins to look like a human. The eyelids will have formed, although they will remain sealed shut for months. If you're having a boy, a tiny penis will be visible at the end of the second month.

The second month is when many women realize that they are expecting. You may experience morning sickness, heartburn, and have sore or swollen breasts. Fatigue is also a common complaint, as your body is working hard to provide the fetus with what it needs for healthy growth and development. You won't be needing maternity clothes yet, but pregnancy can leave you feeling bloated, and you could find your favorite jeans don't fit quite right anymore.

If a pregnancy test does come back positive, you should make an appointment with your caregiver. He or she will check the size of your uterus, as well as perform tests and ask about your medical history. If you're over 35, your physician will recommend genetic counseling, as the risk of genetic abnormalities is higher in older women. This appointment will be a good chance for you to ask your doctor about any concerns or questions you have in early pregnancy.

You may also have mood swings, or feel irritable and weepy for no apparent reason. You might be elated at one moment and sobbing the next as your body adjusts to pregnancy hormones. It may be difficult for your partner to know how to help you when you're feeling moody or depressed, so be honest about your feelings and keep communicating.


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