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Artificial Insemination

Artificial Insemination

For many couples, conceiving is difficult, or downright impossible. Your health, medical history, and Mother Nature all play a role in your conception. If you or your partner has a fertility problem, it can be both frustrating and time consuming. Doctors recommend that you try to conceive naturally for one year, by having unprotected intercourse and tracking your ovulation.

Artificial insemination is an option for couples who can't conceive naturally, and have tried various other options. If you have a cervical mucous problem, or your partner has inactive sperm or a low sperm count, your physician will discuss artificial insemination with you. Men who suffer from erectile dysfuntion, have an unusually small penis, or are very obese may also benefit from artificial insemination.

The man's sperm is collected and washed, and then injected into the vagina or uterus by syringe. Most times, doctors will inject the sperm into the uterus, which carries a 10-22% success rate, compared to just 12% with vaginal insertion. If a male is unable to produce viable sperm, or in the case of single women or lesbian couples, donor sperm is used. To be eligible for artificial insemination, a women must not have any abnormalities of the pelvis or fallopian tubes, or any serious medical conditions or infections.

You can choose homologous insemination, which is also known as cup insemination. The sperm is placed in a cup at the cervix during the time of ovulation, and the procedure takes place in the physician's office or fertility clinic. Intracervcial insemination involves spinning the sperm to collect the best sample, which is then placed in a catheter and put directly into the cervix. Finally, intrauterine insemination, which has the best results, is mixed with blood to create sperm with no semen. The good sperm are separated from the inactive sperm, and are placed in a catheter which is placed in the uterus.

Your physician may also prescribe fertility drugs in combination with artificial insemination, to increase your odds of conceiving a child. It can be an expensive, lengthy procedure, but the results can be excellent. Artificial insemination is sometimes the last step before adoption or foster parenting, and many times couples are willing to spend thousands of dollars to try and become pregnant. Although artificial insemination can be very successful, especially over time, there is no guarantee that you will become pregnant.


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