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What Every Couple Needs To Know About Infertility

What Every Couple Needs To Know About Infertility

Infertility is a very common condition, but it can leave couples feeling inadequate and frustrated when trying to conceive. If you've been having unprotected sex for 12 months and haven't gotten pregnant, it's time to schedule an appointment with your doctor.

If you or your partner are over 35, your risk of having fertility problems drastically increases. A woman is born with all of the eggs she will use in her lifetime, and once they are gone she will experience menopause. Out of the million eggs that start out in the ovaries, only 400 are released from the ovaries, and none of the others survive.

A woman produces hormones right before the egg is released. A hormone called luteininzing hormone rises in the body, and causes an ovary to produce progesterone. This causes a rise in body temperature, and the egg is soon released. Many women track their ovulation using a thermometer when your body temperature rises, you are likely fertile. If the egg meets up with sperm in the fallopian tubes, you could soon become pregnant.

There are a number of conditions that can cause infertility: injury or disease to the reproductive organs, an infection, or a sexual dysfunction. Your first step is to buy a basal body temperature thermometer, and take your temperature on the first day of your period. There will be a chart included with the thermometer, so track your cycle and each time you and your partner have sex. At the end of the month, if the temperature is lower in the first 14 days of the month, you are probably producing an egg.

If you do schedule an appointment with a doctor, he or she will do a semen analysis from the male, even if he already has children. Over time, sperm counts change, so this test will show if a man is suffering from a low sperm count. Next, your physician will do a tubogram to check the uterus and fallopian tube. An iodine solution is injected into the uterus, and an x-ray is performed.

Following these preliminary tests, the doctor will also perform bloodwork to evaluate the thyroid gland, the pituitary gland, and the ovaries. The doctor may also ask for a sample of the cervical mucous after sex to evaluate how the sperm are moving.

Depending on the results of these tests, an endometrial biopsy may also be done. The doctor takes a small sample of the uterine lining, which causes moderate cramping for 10-15 minutes. If there are any abnormalities in the uterine lining tissue, this test will detect them. If your physician thinks it's necessary, he or she might also do a hysteroscopy to look inside the uterus, or a laparoscopy to check the fallopian tubes. These tests are surgical, and will detect conditions like endometriosis and fibroids.

After any tests have been performed, your doctor will go over the results with you. He or she will be able to give you valuable advice about the best treatments possible for your condition. Your physician may recommend intrauterine insemination, where the sperm is placed into the uterine cavity by a physician. Fertility drugs can increase your chances of getting pregnant, and numerous women over the age of 35 have turned to these medications to become pregnant. Finally, in vitro fertilization takes a fertilized egg and implants it in the uterus.


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